Purchasing a house can be the most significant financial decision most might ever make. Whether it's a main residence, a seasonal vacation property or one of many rentals, purchasing real property is a detailed financial transaction that requires multiple people working in concert to see it through.
The majority of the participants are quite familiar. The real estate agent is the most known person in the transaction. Next, the mortgage company provides the financial capital required to finance the exchange. And ensuring all aspects of the sale are completed and that a clear title transfers from the seller to the buyer is the title company.
So, who's responsible for making sure the value of the property is in line with the amount being paid? This is where you meet the appraiser. We provide an unbiased estimate of what a buyer could expect to pay — or a seller receive — for a parcel of real estate, where both buyer and seller are informed parties. A licensed, certified, professional appraiser from Culling Appraisal Corp will ensure, you as an interested party, are informed.
The inspection is where an appraisal starts
To determine an accurate status of the property, it's our duty to first complete a thorough inspection. We must physically view aspects of the property, such as the number of bedrooms and bathrooms, the location, living areas, etc, to ensure they truly are present and are in the shape a reasonable buyer would expect them to be. The inspection often includes a sketch of the house, ensuring the square footage is proper and illustrating the layout of the property. Most importantly, the appraiser identifies any obvious features - or defects - that would have an impact on the value of the house.
Once the site has been inspected, an appraiser uses two or three approaches to determining the value of the property: a paired sales analysis, a replacement cost calculation, and an income approach when rental properties are prevalent.
This is where we gather information on local construction costs, labor rates and other factors to calculate how much it would cost to construct a property similar to the one being appraised. This figure commonly sets the upper limit on what a property would sell for. It's also the least used predictor of value.
Paired Sales Analysis
Appraisers are intimately familiar with the neighborhoods in which they appraise. They thoroughly understand the value of particular features to the homeowners of that area. Then, the appraiser researches recent sales in the vicinity and finds properties which are 'comparable' to the real estate in question. Using knowledge of the value of certain items such as upgraded appliances, additional bathrooms, additional living area, quality of construction, lot size, we adjust the comparable properties so that they are more accurately in line with the features of subject property.
Once all necessary adjustments have been made, the appraiser reconciles the adjusted sales prices of all the comps and then derives an opinion of what the subject could sell for. At Culling Appraisal Corp, we are experts in knowing the value of particular items in Addison and Dupage County neighborhoods. This approach to value is commonly awarded the most weight when an appraisal is for a home sale.
Valuation Using the Income Approach
A third way of valuing a property is sometimes employed when an area has a measurable number of renter occupied properties. In this case, the amount of income the property yields is factored in with income produced by neighboring properties to derive the current value.
Putting It All Together
Combining information from all approaches, the appraiser is then ready to stipulate an estimated market value for the property at hand. It is important to note that while this amount is probably the best indication of what a house is worth, it probably will not be the price at which the property closes. Depending on the individual situations of the buyer or seller, their level of urgency or a buyer's desire for that exact property, the closing price of a home can always be driven up or down.Regardless, the appraised value is typically employed as a guideline for lenders who don't want to loan a buyer more money than they could get back in case they had to sell the property again. The bottom line is, an appraiser from Culling Appraisal Corp will guarantee you discover the most accurate property value, so you can make wise real estate decisions.